How To Start Your Plant Seeds

Home Gardens

Home gardens have become more of a popular necessity over the past year and have had a positive effect on many families’ health as well as their budget.  In the convenience of your own backyard, personal gardens can be pretty easy to build, and can yield enough produce to easily feed a family.

Now is a great time to prepare for a successful harvest; here are some great garden management practices you can use to start your plant seeds off right and maintain a lush garden in the spring and summer.

Benefits of Starting from Seed

While at your local nursery, shopping for young plants can be easy and convenient, but the variety and quality of plants available may be limited.  This is why purchasing seed packets can allow you so much more variety in creating your home garden. Not to mention, seeds are much less expensive and allow you to start growing your flower seeds indoors with more control of how the plant grows and prepares for a successful transplant into your garden.

Starting your plant seeds is very simple as long as you have the right tools, but that doesn’t mean you should be spending a lot of money or planning elaborate cropping systems!  As a budget friendly idea, you can reuse household objects such as cardboard paper towel rolls, toilet paper rolls, or cardboard egg cartons which are all biodegradable and easily absorbs excess water, The one thing you may want to invest most in is the seed starting mix, or soil.

Indoors or Outdoors?

Getting an early start on your seed plants is one advantage to begin planting indoors.  Starting to germinate seeds indoors allows more time to sprout while the colder climate finally comes to an end. This extra time with an indoor garden is something to take advantage of in order to get the best results of a healthy harvest at home.

An led grow light is also a great investment to make when you get an early start flower seeds indoors.  It’s an important thing to have especially in the late winter months as most plants require approximately a minimum of 6-8 hours of sunlight.  However if you start seeds indoors during the spring or early summer months, a grow light is not necessary.

Wherever you decide to start your seed plants, it’s important to know which seeds thrive in both environments.  Below is a list of a few plants that grow best indoors and plants that grow best outdoors.

Popular Vegetable Plants to Start Indoors and Outdoors

It’s important to know that only a few plant seeds can benefit from starting indoors, while many other plants thrive by starting outdoors.  To help, we’ve listed the following vegetables as some of the most popular and best to begin seed planting indoors.

 Vegetable Plants to Start Indoors

  • Broccoli
  • Brussel Sprouts
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Celery
  • Eggplant
  • Lettuce
  • Peppers
  • Tomatoes

 Vegetable Plants to Start Outdoors

  • Carrots
  • Corn
  • Cucumbers
  • Green beans
  • Onions
  • Potatoes
  • Spinach
  • Squash (summer squash and winter squash)
  • Watermelon

Note that certain vegetables and herbs may be more suitable for you to plant than others because some plants grow better depending on the location and season. Be sure to research or consult a professional about what grows best in your area.  Also consider the best place in your yard to plant your seeds; you may want to avoid areas where children and pets frequently visit.

Another thing to keep in mind is that certain produce can attract animals that will eat the flowers and fruits of your labor.  As a result, you may want to avoid planting those in a specific area of your yard; or you can also easily set up a border to protect your plants from being eaten. If you want an expert opinion tailored to your own property, there are professional contractors that can help you along the way.

Preparing and Transplanting

Sowing seeds is a simple process that can be used for both flowering plants and vegetable plants. Simply use a small container such as a cardboard egg create and spoon in 1-2 tablespoons of soil, make a depression into each pod with your finder and place 1-3 seeds in each pod, then cover well with the surrounding soil.  Water each small pod with enough water to dampen the soil but not too much so that it  floods.

Next, place plastic wrap over top the carton and make a hole above each pod, for ventilation, using a toothpick, fork or sharp tip of a knife. This allows air to flow and prevents any mold from forming.  Remove the plastic when you see sprouts starting t grow and place near a window or under an led grow light.

Another key process in preparing your indoor plants to be planted outdoors is known as “hardening off”.  When you start to harden off your plants, you are slowly exposing them to their new outdoor climate which will help keep your plants alive and give them a chance to grow.  This process takes approximately two weeks of outdoor exposure until the plants are ready to be planted and kept outside all day long.

Soil quality is an important piece of starting seeds

Maintaining Soil Quality

One factor in determining the success of the garden is the organic content of the soil structure If you decide to create and maintain a garden, the quality and type of soil can have an effect on the results of the garden. Typically, the more organic material in the garden, the more successful the garden is; however, in some cases, there is a certain organic material soil quality that is not recommended for planting.

Also, when planting you should research how much soil, and at what moisture level, each plant grows best in. It is important to maintain and improve soil moisture throughout the day because plants require constant water to facilitate growth. To maximize a garden’s future success, a professional can be brought in for little money in order to help you cultivate the best soil and gardening qualities.

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